How Do You Treat a Child With ODD | Diagnosis & Homeopathy Treatment For ODD

Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD):

“Doctor, Please do something”, cried Mrs. Sharma*.  She was describing her child’s behaviour. He was a lean, fair teenage boy. Even as she was speaking we could observe that the boy was constantly squirming in his seat and his expressions were changing. Two three times he even got up from the seat to exit the chambers and was forced by his father to sit. Generally adolescent age children are rebellious and prone to mood swings but the parents narrated he was very aggressive, uses abusive language and beats his mother and other children. He cannot bear slight contradiction. If stopped from doing any activity or denied giving any object of his desire then all hell breaks loose. He would clench his teeth in anger, his face would become flushed, and he would throw a fit of anger but later repent.  And it was a daily affair. Complaints from school were increasing and he was assessed to be having Oppositional Defiant Disorder

What is Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) & What causes Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)?

It is a behavioural disorder characterized by a combative or aggressive behaviour displayed by frequent anger out bursts, defiance and disrespectful behaviour. It is most commonly found as a co morbid with Attention deficiency hyperactive disorder (ADHD). The cause for ODD is not known clearly known but the factors leading to other behavioural disorders like genetics, environment or sensitized immune and nervous system could pay a role. Trigger factors could be stress, hormonal changes, and substance abuse.

What are the symptoms of ODD?

To be diagnosed as ODD the symptoms should be persistent and present for at least six months. The common symptoms displayed by the affected are:

  • Belligerence or Violent Behaviour
  • Using bad abusive or vulgar language
  • Being defiant, not following rules and indulge in frequent arguments
  • Violent anger out bursts
  • Disrespectful, infuriating behavior
  • Grudge-bearing, revengeful attitude
  • Lack flexibility and adaptability
  • Blaming attitude, lacking responsibility

Homeopathy Treatment For ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder):

Homeopathy Treatment: is given based on person constitution. By constitution it means a person’s mental, physical, likes, dislikes, emotions, dreams, sleep pattern are considered and a suitable remedy is given. The homeopathy medication helps to tone down the aggressiveness, restlessness and violent outbursts without any side effects like drowsiness, gaining weight etc. Given below are few homeopathic medications which may be helpful in ODD behaviour

Anacardium Orientale:  An excellent remedy for persons with behavioural disorders. Abusive, slight causes make him extremely angry. There are unsocial; can be willful, cruel and malicious and can do bodily injury without any feeling.

Capsicum: It is well suited to very obstinate children. They take offence to trifles. Extremely peevish mentality. Even in midst of joking he becomes angry from slightest cause. Always on lookout for insults. Even if want something if proposed by another they would oppose it.

Chamomilla: A chamomilla child is exceedingly irritable and fretful. Highly capricious, wants and demands new things but when offered petulantly refuse it. Overtly snappish cannot give a civil reply.

Cina:  A marked feature running through this remedy is touchiness. He does not even want anyone to look at him. Very cross, irritable, ill humored child. In anger they may indulge in head banging, biting and other such violent behaviour. Very obstinate, stubborn like a mule.

Sanicula:  Sanicula children are very head strong, obstinate, their cry and kick others in anger. Very cross, irritable with changeable moods. They sweat profusely especially on head and neck. Very restless, jump from one activity to other.

Tuberculinum: A Disobedient child. He is prone to use abusive, swearing language. Fits of violent anger. Sensitive, every trifle irritates. Highly dissatisfied, reckless, constantly want change.

Te above given medications are only selected few, like wise many medications are present which are selected based only the symptoms presented.

In the above described case a dose of Tuberculinum 10M was given followed by Cuprum Sulph 1M.  His aggressiveness now reduced, he stopped beating others, and his sitting tolerance improved. Though occasionally he has anger outbursts but they are controlled.

Can Vitiligo Go Away? A Case Study of Vitiligo: Symptoms, Causes & Homeopathy Treatments

A seven year old child came to the clinic with white patches on his face without any symptoms of itching or burning. The patches were increasing and the parents were worried as it was affecting the appearance of the child. On examination it was diagnosed as Vitiligo.

What is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo or Leucodermais an auto immune disorder in which skin loses its pigmentation in patches due to loss of melanocytes (cells responsible for colour of our skin, hair)in some areas. It can be widespread affecting many parts of the body or may be localized to small area of skin. Depending on the extent of lesion, distribution and the number of white patches it is categorized as

Generalized Vitiligo: in which depigmented patches occur diffusedly on many parts of the body. The patches may be symmetrical and mostly occur on the limbs and face. It is further subdivided into

  • Acrofocal(vitiligo): In which depigmented patches are located on face mostly and hands and legs. Most often the patches begin at the tips of the fingers and around mouth.
  • Vulgaris (vitiligo): in which the white patches are distributed diffusedly all over the body
  • Universalis (vitiligo): in whichthere is complete loss of melanin hence affecting the skin, mucous membrane and hair
  • Mixed (vitiligo)- where affected person may have acrofocal and vulgaris patches in combination.

Localized Vitiligo: in which melanin is lost in a particular area of skin.  It may be

  • Focal (vitiligo)- in which there are small spots of depigmentation in small area of skin
  • Segmental (vitiligo) – it is asymmetrical with white patches is limited to only in one part of the body
  • Mucosal (vitiligo) affecting the mucous membranes like lips.

Etiology and Pathogenesis– It is multifactorial, polygeneric disorder with complex pathogenesis that is not yet well understood. Of Various theories of disease pathogenesis the most accepted is that genetic and non genetic factors interact to influence melanocytes function and survival, eventually leading to autoimmune destruction of melanocytes

Genetics of Vitiligo– Large scale epidemiological surveys have shown that most cases of Vitiligo occur sporadically. Almost all studies of Vitiligo genetics have focused on Generalized Vitiligo. Several genes are involved in immune function including Loci in the MHC, CTLA4, PTPN22, IL10, have susceptibility to Generalized Vitiligo on the basis of genetic linkage or association studies. Segmented Vitiligo appears to be genetically distinct formation.

Auto immune Hypothesis: Humoral immunity was first implicated on finding circulatory anti melanocytes auto anti bodies that target the various melanocytes antigens including tyrosinase and it’s related proteins and also have the capability to kill melanocytes in vitro and in vivo. Currently this auto –antibodies are thought to reflect secondary humoral responses to melanocytes destruction rather than a primary factor of Generalized Vitiligo.

Biochemical Hypothesis: There is some evidence that Vitiligo is a disease of the entire epidermis, possibly involving the chemical abnormalities of both melanocytes and keratinocytes. Ultra structural abnormalities of keratinocytes from potential Vitiligo skin have been related to impaired mitochondrial activity and are thought to affect the production of specific melanocytes growth factors and cytokines that regulate melanocytes survival.

An essential biochemical finding in elevated levels of H2O2 in affected regions of epidermis. That may be caused in part by reduced enzymatic anti oxidant capacity of keratinocytes and melanocytes.

Risk factors:

Age– Though vitiligo can affect persons of any age but incidence of vitiligo is more in young adults and those below the age of forty years.

Gender– Both male and female can be equally affected

Family history– a positive history of vitiligo or any other auto immune condition like rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis increases the risk

Trauma– like sunburn, burns due to chemicals, injuries, cuts etc.

Stress

Presence of other auto immune disorders

Clinical Features:The principle clinical manifestation of Vitiligo is the appearance of acquired milk white macules with fairly homogenous depigmentation and well defined borders.  Though the patches can occur anywhere in body but commonly hands, legs, face, groin, area around lips, oral cavity are commonly affected. The patches are non-contagious and usually asymptomatic i.e. they do not cause any itching or burning sensation.

How do you stop Vitiligo from spreading?

Homeopathy Treatment For Vitiligo : Vitiligo being auto immune disorder there is no complete cure in conventional system. Cosmetics, photo therapy and other treatments can help only to some extent and may help to camouflage the affected area but do not stop the destruction process of melanocytes. Homeopathy on the other hand can help to control the auto immune process and stimulate production of melanin. Its medications are selected based on individualizing process by a careful and thorough case taking.

Case study: The child when brought to the clinic was examined by our doctor. A detailed case taking was taken with help of the parents. The child was the second live birth for the parents. Before the child was born mother had 2 miscarriages. The child was born by C section and from the time of birth the child appeared to be having cold. He was prone to frequent cold and cough. He was more attached to his parents and seldom went to any strangers. He wanted to be always carried around by his parents and whenever sick he used to be very irritated and cranky.  Based on his history and other symptoms a dose of Antimonium tart 200 was given and he was on regular follow up. In three months’ time pigmentation began in the white patches.

Before Treatment:

 

Psoriasis Treatments, Causes, Symptoms, Types & How To Get Rid of Psoriasis

Psoriasis is derived from Greek word Psora meaning itch or rash.In ancient times till few decades back it was known to be a type of Leprosy but with advancement in medicine it has been identified as a separate entity and is now considered to be chronic inflammatory dermatosis.

It is a common skin disease characterized by thick white or red silvery patches on the skin.It is agenetically inherited auto immune disorder which means it is developed by overactivity of our immune system.Primarily it affects the skin of Elbow, Knee, scalp but later it may affect other parts of the body such as nail& joints. It can affect person of any age and gender. As per WHO prevalence of the disease ranges between 0.04%-2.8%in Indian population.

Aetiology:

Psoriasis is a multifactorial disorder. The major causesare:

  • Defects in immune system- being auto immune in nature defects in immune system is the primary reason for Psoriasis. Chronic, low grade inflammation in the body can also trigger abnormal immune reaction leading to Psoriasis
  • Genetic disposition- a positive family history of psoriasis or any other auto immune disorder increases the risk of Psoriasis
  • Environmental factor- Psoriasis is seen more in cold season or winters as skin becomes drier. Other factors like pollution, smoking are also considered as risk factors for Psoriasis.

Though the above are the primary factors for cause of Psoriasis but triggering factors are many. The common trigger factors are:

  • Stress is the primary trigger factor. Whenever we face stress body releases stress hormones which in turn trigger immune system and in persons disposed towards psoriasis it causes the immune system to over react leading to flare ups
  • Allergies are caused due to hyper sensitive reaction of immune system. Though the mechanism for allergies and psoriasis is different probably the stress associated with allergic condition which can trigger psoriatic flare ups
  • Alcohol- certain studies have shown that consuming alcohol increases the risk of Psoriasis
  • Smoking- The Nicotine in tobacco is believed to alter the immune system which can lead to skin inflammation
  • Infections – as any infection trigger immune response in certain individuals it can lead to abnormal reaction. In many individuals’ chronic fungal infections lead towards Psoriasis. Similarly, Guttate Psoriasis is due to bacterial infection mainly streptococcus
  • Weather- As stated previously there is flare up pf psoriasis where as exposure to ultra violet radiation of sun in early morning has been good for Psoriasis.
  • Cuts & bruises- It has been observed that injuries like cuts and bruises trigger psoriatic flare up most probably due to stress along with the enzymes released like cytokines for healing trigger it.
  • Medications- Certain medications like anti-hypertensives, NSAIDs, Lithium, certain anti biotics like tetracyclines, inter ferons, anti-malarial drugs etc. can cause flare up of Psoriasis.
  • Hormones- Skin is part of neuro endocrine system so as such hormonal changes affect the skin. It is believed that the estrogen has an affect on immune response. Also the level of androgens and stress hormones have been associated with Psoriasis.
  • Obesity- studies have shown that obesity is associated with Psoriasis. Most probably the under lying causes for obesity is the reason for association.

Pathophysiology:

Psoriasis was originally considered as a Hyperproliferation of epidermal cells. However, immunomodulating therapies conceptualized Psoriasis as a genetically programmed inflammatory skin disease. Normal life cycle of skin cells is 28days but in psoriasis the disturbance in immune system affects the life cycle of skin cells by which they multiply much faster than normal.When these cells reach the surface and die, raised, red plaques covered with white scales appear. Psoriasis begins as a small scaling plaque initially but when multiple papules coalesce they form scaling plaques .These plaques tends to occur in scalp, elbow and knees.

Signs & Symptoms:

  • Red patches of skin covered with white silvery scales
  • Itching, Burning soreness
  • Dry, Thick skin
  • Itchy plaques with small scaling spots
  • Small bleeding points when the scales peeled away –AUSPITZ SIGN
  • Psychologically patient develops symptoms of Anxiety ,stress, Depression, Low self esteem

Types of Psoriasis:

There are 5 types in Psoriasis

1.Plaque psoriasis:This is the most common type.It is characterized by thick,red patches of skin often with silver or white scales.Patches are usually 1-10cm in wide and commonly appears in Elbow,Knees,Lower back & scalp.80% people with psoriasis have PLAQUE PSORIASIS.

2.Guttate Psoriasis:It is the 2nd most common type. It appears as small red spots on the skin.10%people with psoriasis have this type. It’s cause is bacterial which is most commonly associated with common cold hence it is usually seen during childhood& young adulthood. The spots appear as small separate drops shaped. They often appear on torso& limbs.

3.Inverse Psoriasis:It often appears in skin folds such as under breasts, armpits and groin region.The spots are red, smooth& shiny.The sweat & moisture from the skin folds aggravates shedding of skin scales.

4.Pustular Psoriasis: This is a severe form of Psoriasis. It develops fast in the form of white pustular eruptions around the red skin. It mostly affects isolated parts hands & feet. While the pus is non-infectious it causes Flu like symptoms such as Fever,Chills,Rapidpulse,Muscle weakness,Loss of Appetite.

5.Erythrodermic Psoriasis:It is a rare type which looks like severe burns.The condition is serious and can be indeed a medical emergency. This type of Psoriasis covered large portion of the body forms wide spread red, scaly spots.

Homoeopathic Management:

Homeopathy is an effective mode oftreatment for Psoriasis.It is a system of medicine which is based on individualization of the patient.Homeopathy believes in treating “MAN IN DISEASE, NOT THE DISEASE IN MAN “.The homeopathic remedies do not suppress the skin condition, rather the medicine intends to correct the cause of psoriasis by strengtheningthe immune system. Through constitutional treatment in homeopathy Psoriasis flare ups , complications and reoccurrence of the patches can be stopped, providing management and cure for Psoriasis.

Homeopathy Treatment For Psoriasis & Doctors In Hyderabad:

According to our master Hahnemann ‘s 1st& 4th Aphorisms “The Physicians mission is not only to give relief to the patient but also to restore his health. Physician should know about the things which derange his health and how to remove them from him”, so every physician should know about Diet & Regimen for the patients. Diet also important for treating Psoriasis as mentioned below:

Foods to Eat:

  • Flaxseed, Walnut
  • Green vegetables, fruits
  • Papaya, cherry,salmon fish
  • One Raw carrot daily

 Foods to avoid:

  • Wheat, Barley, White sugar
  • Sour foods- Tomato, Tamarind
  • Chocolate, ice creams, Meat, Bread,
  • Dairy products,
  • Fried & Fast food items
  • Avoid Tobacco,smoke & Alcohol

For external application OLIVE OIL & COCONUT OIL is best choice

A Case study:

Mr. Raj*(PT id-T2-1507446580), 22-year-old male patient came with complaints of thick, white round patches around red skin over both back of elbow,knees & trunk of the body. He complained of severe itching over the patches which aggravated in night and cold weather. The itching was so severe that he has to scratch until it bleeds causing severe burning sensation which was relieved by taking warm water bathing. He had previously taken allopathic treatment for one year but there was not much relief. He could not reveal much about his family history. On detailed case taking and observation he was found to be very anxious and was fearful that his disease is incurable. As he was lean, dark complexioned and anxious a single dose of Arsenic album 200 was given. His anxiety decreased though there was not much change in his skin condition. The medicine was continued for 2 months and he was progressing well but suddenly there was an acute flare up. On review the patient confessed that recently he broke up with his girlfriend. Due to acute flare up, his sensitive nature and grief over lost love a single dose of Natrum Mur 200 was given. The itching reduced and skin started improving and the patches began to disappear. At end of 3 months his skin was almost normal. Inter currently nosode Psorinum 200 was given to prevent reoccurrence. It is now two years since he stopped the treatment and there has been no relapse.

BEFORE THE TREATMENT:

DURING THE TREATMENT:

AFTER THE TREATMENT:

What is Best Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis Commonly known as Heel Pain?

It is a fast-paced world now -a-days and we do not want any disturbance in health to slow it down but many conditions can affect us. One of the common conditions which affects many is Plantar fasciitis, commonly known as Heel Pain, the painful condition which does not let the person put his foot on the ground.

Plantar fasciitis typically affects the middle-aged persons but recently an upward trend in the number of teenagers also being affected is being noticed.

What could be the probable causes for this heel pain?

  • Plantar fasciitis: Our feet are under relentless pressure. They are one of the important weight bearing joints and for that reason the protective connective tissue present in the sole known as fascia is thick and tough. The plantar fascia is like a tight sheet connecting the bones of the foot and acts as a shock pad and also helps to maintain the shape of the foot. But activities like prolonged standing, long walks or jogging, wearing ill fitting shoes, increasing body weight or anatomical abnormalities like flat foot can lead to wear and tear of this fascia causing inflammation. Generally plantar fasciitis pain is located at point of insertion of the fascia and the middle portion of the foot.

The pain in the initial stage is more severe at the beginning of movement (first step) with relief after taking few steps but as it becomes chronic the pain may become constant

  • Achilles’ tendonitis: Achille’s tendon is the largest and the strongest tendon of the body connecting the calf muscles to the heel bone (calcaneum) and helps in the movement of heel while walking, jumping, and jogging. But how ever strong the tendon is it is also prone to injuries, inflammations and degeneration causing degenerative changes.
  • Bursitis: Bursas are small fluid sac present near joints and tendons to prevent friction, inflammation of this sacs due to wearing hard heeled foot wear, prolonged use of high heels, or increased pressure on foot. The pain at the heel can be severe and be felt deep inside the heel.
  • Spur: is an extra growth on the under surface of heel bone caused due to calcium deposition which along with plantar fasciitis can give rise to severe pain in heel region.

Besides the above there are many more conditions which can cause pain in the heel region like gout, Paget’s disease, osteomyelitis, cysts, tumors, arthritis, etc. can lead to heel pain.

How Homeopathy can help:

Homeopathy remedy is selected based on the symptoms which include not only the physical but also mental and emotional symptoms. Thus selected remedy is known as Constitutional Homeopathy Medicine. The medicine helps in reducing the inflammation and pain, avoiding the need for anti-inflammatory medications. Given below are few important homeopathy medicines for heel pain:

  • Ammonium Mur– Easily adapted to those who are sluggish and on heavier side. Pain in heel, tendons feels shortened. Ulcerative pain in the heel.
  • Calcarea Flour– A powerful remedy for hard, stony glands, varicose and enlarged veins and malnutrition of bones. Useful for bone exotosis like calcaneal spur and gouty enlargements.
  • Colocynthis– Affinity more towards left side. Lightening type of pain ameliorated by hard pressure.
  • Ledum Pal– Pain in heel extending upwards. Pains are sticking, tearing, throbbing, aggravation by motion, night, by warmth of bed, ameliorated by application of icy cold water.
  • Pulsatilla– Shifting type of pains, legs feel heavy. Boring pain in heel more towards evening
  • Rananculus Bulb– Pains stitching, stabbing, shooting type. Pain due to corns and calluses. Worse due to atmospheric changes, wet, stormy weather and in evening
  • Valerina– Oversensitive to pain. Heel pains while sitting and better by walking. Constant jerking of extremeties.

Is Surgery the only solution for Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids, commonly known as piles is one of the most common life style disorder. In India alone more than 40 million people are affected by it and every year about a million new cases are added to it.

What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids can also be known as varicose veins of rectum and anal canal. They may be internal (within the rectal canal) or external (surrounding the anal tissue).

Why do they occur?
Primary cause for hemorrhoids is chronic constipation and sedentary life style. We can blame our modern life style also for it. Having meals at irregular time, high intake of processed foods, late nights, prolonged sitting; less intake of fibrous food, lack of exercise contribute towards developing Hemorrhoids. Besides these common factors pregnancy, old age, family history, frequent bouts or severe diarrhea, carrying heavy weights, obesity can also cause hemorrhoids.

What are the symptoms?
Bleeding after stool may be the only indication sometimes in case of internal hemorrhoids. Itching at anal region, discomfort while sitting, difficulty in passing stool and swelling or lump near the anus are the other common symptoms of hemorrhoids.

Homeopathy Treatment for Hemorrhoids :
Most of the cases of hemorrhoids are manageable without surgery by simple changes in life style and homeopathy medications. Including more fibre in the food, maintaining active life style, avoiding processed foods, reducing weight can help in managing hemorrhoids. Homeopathy treatment helps in improving the bowel movements, reducing the swelling of hemorrhoidal veins and stop bleeding per rectum without any side effects. It’s medications are selected based on patients both physical and mental symptoms. There are many medications in homeopathy which can help a patient suffering with hemorrhoids but they are selected by individualization, i.e. by eliciting a patient’s physical, mental and emotional symptoms. Some important medications for hemorrhoid treatment are:

• Aesculus hipp: Suitable for irritable persons. Looses temper easily but takes some time to cool down. Heat, Dryness, Roughness and stiffness are key notes of the remedy. Painful defecation, pain lasts for long time after passing stool. Purplish colored bleeding piles, chronic constipation with severe low back ache. Rectum feels full of sticks and Mucus membranes are swollen and raw.

• Aloes soc: Complaints of old people, or those leading sedentary life style. Profuse jelly like mucus. Stool mixed with mucous, Hemorrhoid-like bunch of grapes-blue bleeding sore, burning and itching amelioration by cold application. Constipation alternating with diarrhoea.

• Ammonium Mur: Especially adapted to those who are on heavier side. Obstinate Constipation with offensive flatus. Hard, crumbling stool requiring great effort in expulsion. Hemorrhoids sore and smarting, with burning and stinging in the rectum long after stool.

• Collinsonia : Well suited for hemorrhoids during and after pregnancy. Bleeding piles with profuse painful bleeding. Hemorrhoidal dysentery with tenesmus. Pruritis in pregnancy along with hemorrhoids.

• Hamamelis: Has anti hemorrhagic property. It is adapted to venous hemorrhage. Hemorrhoids, bleeding profusely with burning, soreness, fullness, heaviness as if back would break, urging to stool, bluish colour, anus feel raw and sore.

• Muriatic Acid- Adapted to irritable, peevish and anger persons. Hemorrhoids, Swollen, Blue, sensitive and painful to touch, appear suddenly in children, too painful to touch, even the sheet is uncomfortable.

• Nitric Acid: Suited to persons suffering with chronic diseases who take cold easily. More disposed towards diarrhea in comparison with constipation. Pain sticking, pricking type as if full of splinters. Great straining but little passes as if feces remained and cannot be expelled. Hemorrhoids that are exquisitely painful to touch and at stool, that bleed external or internal with burning and sticking pains.

• Nux Vomica: Adapted to thin, irritable, nervous disposition persons prone to indigestion and hemorrhoids. Bad effects of coffee, tobacco, alcohol, highly spiced food, sedentary life style and late nights. Constipation with frequent unsuccessful urge to defecate. Alternate constipation and diarrhea in persons who have taken purgatives all their life.

• Ratanhia: Constipation, stool hard with great straining. Protruded Hemorrhoids. Pain as if splinters of glass were sticking in rectum and anus. Pruritis ani (itching at anal region).

• Sulphur: Constipation: stools hard, knotty and dry, as if burnt. Large, painful stool. Hemorrhoids itching and bleeding. Well suited to persons who lead sedentary life.

Manage ADHD with Homeopathy

Generally children are mischievous, inquisitive, exploring and can be easily distracted but when it crosses a threshold it can be quite taxing to the parents as these children may be suffering from a condition known as  ADHD or Attention Deficiency Hyperactive Disorder.

ADHD is a behavioural disorder in which the child has

  • Deficiency in Attention- child has very little focus, cannot complete a task because of his poor attention span. The child is not consistent in his efforts and is usually disorganized.
  • Hyperactivity- child is constantly restless, cannot sit in one place, always fidgety, always running here and there, pulling things, being busy fruitlessly. Impatient, he has difficulty in waiting for his turn. Quite impulsive in action, does things without thinking of consequences.

Why it occurs is not known but various risk factors have been identified, primary among them being:

  • Positive family history- where several studies show that ADHD runs in family establishing genetic link
  • Child born prematurely or with low birth weight seem to have increased risk
  • Injuries to the brain especially to the frontal lobe, the part of the brain which controls behaviour and emotions may lead to ADHD.
  • Impairment in Dopamine metabolism- a neuro transmitter material present in brain, is thought to be a cause for ADHD
  • Pregnancy history- antenatal exposure to smoking, drinking, environmental toxins, stress, infections etc are also suspected to play a role in ADHD.

How can we identify ADHD as generally children are known to be naughty? Diagnosis of ADHD cannot be established by any blood tests or scans. It is only diagnosed when the child persistently displays at least six to seven symptoms of ADHD in various settings for a period of more than six months and with the help of physical examination and detailed questionnaires based on DSM-V guidelines.  Depending on the primary symptoms displayed by the child, they may be grouped under:

  • Primarily Attention Deficiency: here as the name is suggesting child mainly lacks focus on performing an activity, gets easily distracted, they work may be incomplete or make careless mistakes in their work, are usually disorganized, forget their belongings or daily activities, cannot stay on a topic for a long time and in school going kids teachers frequently complain of incomplete class work or home work.
  • Primarily Hyperactive: where the kid is constantly on move, they have poor sitting tolerance, always move here and there, constantly fidgety, pulling things, jumping, running, so much so that parents or care takers may find it tiring to keep up with them.
  • Primarily Impulsive: the child finds it difficult to await his turn. They are always in a hurry, they may jump out of the lift even before it completely stops, blurt out answers even before teacher completes the question, tries to butt in between conversations, may appear clumsy as they may keep breaking/dropping things or falling because of their hurriedness.
  • Combined type: in which child may display both attention deficiency and hyperactivity.

How Homeopathy can help?  The principle behind homeopathy treatment is to cure the person not the disease. Medications are given after a detailed case taking based on person emotional, mental and physical symptoms along with assessing the birth and parental history and careful clinical observations including observing the child’s behaviour, social and communication skills and his reaction to stimulus.  There are many medications in homeopathy for helping in managing ADHD. Some of the important medications in are:

  • Merc Sol – well suited to restless, impulsive and anxious disposition constitution. Restlessness, anxiety increase in evening and night. Slow in answering questions. Inclination to contradict and quarrel. Prone to dysenteric stools. Profuse, offensive perspiration. Sensitive to any slight change in temperature.
  • Strammonium– constant restlessness and anxiety. Gets affected by trifles. Mischievous child, full of pranks alternating with sadness. Sudden bouts of laughter and crying. Violent rage accompanied with shrieking, hitting and biting. Tremendous fear especially of darkness.
  • Hyoscyamus– Restlessness. Loquacious kids, constantly blabbering, talks irrelevantly. Forgetful, weak memory. Immoderate or silly laughing. Prone to sudden violent anger, biting and hitting others. Jealousy and suspiciousness.
  • Tarentula– Much excited with music. Desire to run about, dance and jump. Constant motions of limbs especially lower limbs and head. Anger with violence, anger on contradiction.
  • Tuberculinum– Destructive child, prone to anger tantrums. Selfish, obstinate and aggressive children. Constant change in mood, one moment happy, next moment sad. Desires travel. Children prone to frequent colds and cough.

How To Get Rid Of Corns Completely With Homeopathy Treatment

One of the most common conditions affecting our feet is corns.  What are these corns?  Corns and calluses are hard, thickened skin which can occur anywhere in the body but mainly occurs in areas prone to more friction and pressure like on foot, toes, fingers etc.

Corns are usually more localized and well defined, round/conical in shape with hard centre. They usually develop on non weight bearing part of the foot like on the top, sides and between the toes. They can be hard (heloma durum) or soft corns (heloma molle) and can turn painful when inflamed. While calluses are more diffused and usually develop at the heels or balls of the foot, palms, etc.

Homeopathy Treatment For Corns

Homeopathy Treatment For Corns

Calluses

What are the causes for developing them? 

Corns or calluses are formed generally as a protective reaction of the skin against friction and pressure. The causes for developing corns are:

  • Wearing ill fitted shoes, either too loose or too tight,
  • Walking bare foot,
  • Standing for too long,
  • Prolonged use of hard instruments like knife, musical instruments, gardening tools, etc.
  • Having less fat tissue in foot either because of old age or any other cause
  • Foot deformities like bunion (bony bump at the first metatarsophalangeal joint of great toe), hammer toe (in which toes curl downwards) , calcaneal spur etc. can also act as risk factors.
  • Women are more prone to corns or calluses as compared to men

What are the symptoms?

Usually corns or calluses are not harmful though they may cause some pain or discomfort but sometimes they can get infected especially in diabetics, peripheral artery disease and can lead to foot ulcers. The signs and symptoms which are noticed usually are:

  • A part of the skin is harder compared to the neighboring area and may appear discolored or slight yellowish
  • Pain and tenderness at the spot, especially on application of pressure

Homeopathy Treatment and Management:

Management of corns can be done by taking few simple precautions like wearing proper fitted shoes with socks, wearing pads to protect heels, wear gloves while working if possible.

Homeopathy offers good solution to cure corns and avoid surgery or other painful procedures without any side effects. It’s simple but dynamic medications are selected based on patients symptoms. Given below are few important homeopathic medications for corns.

  • Antimonium Crudum: One of the most popular remedy for corns and calluses. There is a marked tendency for corns, warts, bad nails and bad hair. Hard horny excrescences grow under the nails and are extremely painful. The slightest pressure will produce callosity or a sore place, and working men will have an unusual tendency for thickening of skin under soles. Large, horny corns on feet, very sensitive while walking.
  • Lycopodium: It is a predominantly right sided remedy. The skin becomes thick and indurated. Corns have a tendency to ulcerate. Sore spots ameliorated by warm applications.
  • Ferrum Pic : Corns with yellowish discoloration. Warts and corns on hands. Pain more severe in night, while sitting or lying down.
  • Rananculus Bulb: Corns extremely sensitive to touch. Burning and stinging type of pain. Pains worse from cold and motion.
  • Silicea: An important remedy for soft corns. Corns between toes. Prone to offensive and excessive foot sweat.
  • Sulphur: Burning sensation especially feet, skin looks unhealthy.  Sensitive skin, if a shoe presses anywhere on skin a bunion or corn develops.
  • Nitric acid: corns in the foot are having stinging pain. Corns are thick, hardened, on the feet with pressing, tearing, aching, drawing type of pain.

What Are The Health Problems Associated with Childhood Obesity? By Dr. Positive Homeopathy

What Causes Childhood Obesity in Children?

Childhood obesity-

Obesity has become a global epidemic now days and sadly it is not only limited to adults but more and more children are following prey to it. Earlier time the more chubby the child was considered as a sign of health but now it is realized that being overweight is not good for health.

What is obesity?

Obesity is having excess of unwanted body fat. It is measured on the basis of Body Mass Index (BMI) which is Weight (Kg)/Height 2(meters). For children and adolescents BMI percentile is calculated, those above 95th percentile are considered as obese.

What are the causes for Obesity?

Though in some cases obesity could be due to genetic factors but in modern times the life style has been the most important contributor. Many schools do not have play ground or have dedicated time for physical exercise. Children juggling between school and tuition hardly get time to play. Many a time Children leave to school without breakfast just having milk due to lack of time. Besides that indulging on fast and junk foods, increase intake of processed food, aerated drinks, spending time on tab/mobile/laptop instead of playing physically has contributed to growing incidence of obesity among children. Besides these certain hormonal problems like Hypothyroidism and Cushing’s syndrome can also cause obesity.

What are the effects of Obesity?

Studies have shown that obesity can lead to severe health problems even in children besides the psychological effects like depression, and low self esteem, Diabetes, hypertension, fatty liver, heart problems, precocious puberty and hormonal problems.

Homeopathy Treatment for Obesity:        

To reduce weight diet and exercise play an important role. Besides these, homeopathy with its constitutional treatment can improve the rate of metabolism; correct the hormonal imbalances and other effects of obesity. Some of the common medications for child obesity are:

  • Crud– Children who like to eat beyond their capacity. They keep on munching something or other. Bowels not regular, alternate constipation and diarrhea. Stubborn, peevish children.
  • Baryta Carb– Usually dwarfish (short height) and shy child with enlarged tonsils. Children who have voracious appetite but poor assimilation.
  • Calcarea Carb– Children disposed to grow fat, corpulent and unwieldy. They have a tendency to have more fat around the abdomen and are prone to profuse perspiration especially back of head and neck. They have a great desire for eggs.
  • Capsicum-Children who are plump and round with rosy cheeks but have little endurance. Slow, sluggish children prone to violent temper outbursts.
  • Ferrum-Pale, delicate children with false plethora. Canine hunger. Gets anger on least contradiction.
  • Graphitis– Obese, flatulent children with dry skin. There is constant desire to sleep. Ravenous appetite. Children who tend to gain weight because of depression.
  • Natrum Mur- A sensitive child. Thin, long neck with fat body. Children who suffer from frequent headaches.
  • Phytolacca- also known as homeopathy fat burner. One of the well known remedy for obesity by increasing the basal metabolic rate.
  • Pulsatilla- mild, gentle, sensitive children. Children are generally affectionate and of good disposition. They crave of rich, fatty foods like cake, pasties etc
  • Thuja: well suited to overweight, flabby children with perspiration on single parts. Children who are prone to develop warts.
  • Thyroidinum- obesity due to hypothyroidism. They get tired easily and always want to lie down. Craves for sugar and cold water.

How Does Hypothyroidism Affect The Body? Causes, Symptoms & Treatment in Homeopathic

Symptoms of Thyroid Problems in Females?

Hypothyroidism is the condition in which there is deficiency of thyroid hormones in the body. Hypo means under or below or less. Thyroid   hormones play a vital role in metabolism, of Brain, heart, liver and reproductive health and fertility.

There are two types of hypothyroidism:

  • Primary hypothyroidism– when your thyroid gland become diseased and cannot produce sufficient hormones
  • Secondary hypothyroidism-when your pituitary gland is not stimulating your thyroid to produce enough hormones

Regulation of Thyroid Gland:

The thyroid gland is regulated by the pituitary gland. When the levels of the thyroid hormones T3 and T4 fall, the pituitary gland increases the production of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). This TSH then stimulates the thyroid gland to produce more T3 and T4. This way the balance of thyroid hormones is maintained in the body.

CAUSES OF HYPOTHYROIDISM:

  • Iodine low in diet
  • Autoimmune disease- Hashimoto’s   thyroiditis- when your body produces antibodies that  attack  your own tissues
  • Treatment for hyperthyroidism
  • Thyroid surgery
  • Radiation therapy for cancers
  • Pituitary disorder
  • Pregnancy-
  • Viral infections or other respiratory problems
  • Congenital hypothyroid condition
  • Certain drugs-Some medicines having lithium used for psychiatric problems, medicines used for hyperthyroidism, heart problems cause hypothyroidism

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

Hypothyroidism develops gradually and slows down your metabolism

The symptoms range from mild to severe:

  • fatigue, weakness,
  • obesity or weight gain,
  • dryness and paleness of skin,
  • hair loss,
  • intolerance to cold ,
  • constipation,
  • depression,
  • disturbed menstrual cycle, (scanty or profuse),
  • irritability,
  • decreased libido( little desire for the sexual drive)
  • Puffy face,
  • elevated blood cholesterol level,
  • muscle aches, tenderness, and stiffness,
  • slowed heart rate,
  • impaired memory,
  • Goiter

 HYPOTHYROIDISM IN INFANTS:

Although hypothyroidism affects middle-aged, in some cases infants are also affected when the baby is born without the thyroid gland or lees functioning thyroid gland.

The signs and symptoms include:

  • Jaundice,
  • frequent choking,
  • a large protruding tongue,
  • puffy face,
  • mental retardation

HYPOTHYROIDISM IN CHILDREN AND TEENS

  • Poor growth, resulting in short stature
  • Delayed development of permanent teeth,
  • Delayed puberty
  • Poor mental development

COMPLICATIONS

  • Goitre,
  • heart problems
  • mental issues
  • peripheral neuropathy
  • myxedema,
  • infertility,
  • birth defects,

Homeopathic Treatment For Hypothyroidism:

Homeopathy medicines are safe, natural and help to improve the functioning of thyroid gland. Medications are selected based on the constitution of the patient which is elicited by a detailed case taking which includes symptoms narrated by the patient, his physical and mental makeup,  likes, dislikes, dreams, emotional status, family and past history etc. Thus selected similimum helps to correct the hormonal imbalance in the body.

 Some important Homeopathic medicines are:

  • Graphitis-useful for obese persons with skin problems. They are usually timid, weepy, sensitive anxious and indecisive. They have a tendency to take cold easily and suffer from constipation.
  • Natrum muriaticum– very useful remedy for reserved, sensitive, and sorrowful, having headache, who usually crave salt. They can develop either over or underactive thyroid.
  • Baryta carb-is suited to shy persons, shy of strangers, loss of memory, idiocy, childish and thoughtless behavior. Chilly patient. Suitable for hypothyroidism in children.
  • Conium maculatum – suited to old maids and bachelors. Weak memory, slow in grasping, difficulty in understanding. Menses too late, irregular and scanty.
  • Sepia Officinalis-adapted to weak persons, irritable, have saddle across the nose, faint easily from least exertion and on exposure to excessive cold temperatures. They have indifferent behavior towards family members, craves for acids and pickles, loss of sexual drive and hair fall.
  • Lycopodium– persons having gastric disturbances with hypothyroidism. Weak digestion with excessive accumulation of gas and bloating in the abdomen, especially after taking food. They have a marked craving for sweets and prefer hot food and drinks. It is indicated to persons who are irritable and angry, cannot bear the least contradiction. Low sex drive , had hair loss
  • Nux vomica– suited to very irritable persons, excessive desire for alcoholic drinks and coffee, fatty and spicy food. Patients are chilly. Menses too late, last too long, always irregular and black.
  • Calcarea carbonica– indicated for fat flabby, chubby, fair persons, who are chilly and cannot tolerate cold air. Excessive sweat. Craving for boiled eggs menses profuse and continues for the long duration.

A Successful Case Study of Autism and Vaccination – Dr. A M Reddy

Autism and Vaccination A Case Study:

The role of vaccination and the development of autism in children has been quite controversial.  While the advocates of vaccinations claim that vaccination has no link in the development of autism and blame it more on genetics the nay sayers claim otherwise. In all these parents are caught in a dilemma to get their child vaccinated or not.  No doubt vaccines have played an important role in protecting children from many killer diseases like smallpox, polio, diphtheria etc, and helped to improve the overall immunity of the society but in some sensitive children, the same vaccines have created ill-effects. As the number of vaccines a child is receiving is increased, so is the incidence of autism among children. Though the exact cause for Autism is not known many factors have been suspected, primary among them being genetics and environmental factors. In some children, parents complain of severe regression of speech or speech delay, behavioural abnormalities, oversensitiveness to stimulus, social withdrawal or communication impairment have been noticed especially after MMR vaccine and the certain type of flu shots. It is suspected that Thimerosal, mercury-based adjuvant added to vaccines could affect the neurological system, though now-a day’s Thimerosal is avoided in vaccines. Homeopathically it is believed that in a few sensitive children having the predisposition, the vaccination seems to trigger their immune system in the adverse way leading to autism or other complications. It does not mean all vaccines are bad or all children suffer ill effects of vaccination, but certainly, the number of vaccines the child is being subjected to within first one year is certainly a cause for concern.

A Case study:

Five years old Pearl* was the first child of her parents. She was born by C- section and after birth, everything appeared to be normal. Pearl was growing fine except for some cold and cough once in three months. She was very active and could recognize alphabets, , and numbers, and use to babble few rhymes. She enjoyed the company and was usually very cheerful but as she was nearing two years parents observed that there was a sudden regression in speech and she was not responding to call. There were other behaviour abnormalities noticed like she became very restless, was frequently throwing tantrums and banging her head. Doctors diagnosed her condition to be moderate autism to their shock. They started therapies, gluten, and casein free diet and medications but the improvement was not much. She would not sleep in the night and doctors advised them mild sedatives. Parents were much depressed seeing their daughter’s condition.

Best Homeopathy Treatment for Autism:

On the recommendation of their friends, they visited Dr. A M Reddy for treating their daughter. A detailed case study as per homeopathy was taken in which history of vaccination with Hepatitis A and MMR given just prior to regression of speech and behavioural abnormalities was elicited. Basing this as cause for triggering autism in the child and the child’s desires, behaviour patterns a dose of Zincum Ars 10 M was given and was asked to come after fifteen days. In the subsequent visit when she came into the doctor’s chamber she was calm in contrast to her first visit when she created havoc in the room by throwing things around, pulling chairs and trying to hit the staff. She sat calmly in her mother’s lap observing her surroundings. Her sleep improved and she could sleep for few hours without sedatives, though head banging and excitability was still present. She was on a regular follow up on a monthly basis and there was steady improvement in the girl except for one episode of increased hyperactivity and head banging when Zincum Ars was again repeated. After 10 months of treatment parents were advised to start speech therapy to her, and at about one year of treatment she started speaking few words, her response to simple commands and social interaction improved.